Safe Third Country Agreement Wikipedia

12 avril 2021 par  
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A secure third country must provide asylum seekers with proper security and procedures. The legitimacy of potential agreements on safe third-country nationals between the United States and Mexico and Guatemala depends not only on international human rights law, but also on U.S. legal standards. Complaints to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, appeals to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and other measures to international bodies can shed significant international light on the abuse of asylum seekers. But with a government clearly immune to international « name and hypocrisy, » supporters could be on firmer ground by using U.S. courts to test the legality of a designation for safe third countries. According to media reports, the United States intends to sign agreements with Mexico and Guatemala – perhaps as early as today – of the latest phase of the Trump administration`s efforts to prevent Central American asylum seekers from reaching the country. Such agreements prohibit asylum claims in the United States from thousands of people fleeing El Salvador and Honduras, as well as from other parts of the world who cross Central America and Mexico to reach our border. They would violate both U.S. and international law to protect asylum seekers.

Refugees nanate in the host country, usually by plane. From the selection for resettlement to the arrival in the United States, it usually takes between 18 and 24 months. [19] Refugees who are relocated to the United States must repay a loan for their airfares, which is provided by the International Organization for Migration (IOM). [20] A safe third country is a country in which a person transiting through that country could have applied for refugee protection. In Canada, section 102, paragraph 2 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act sets out the criteria for designating a country as a safe third country. Under the agreement, refugee claimants must apply for refugee protection in the first safe country they arrive in, unless they are entitled to a waiver from the agreement. IOM staff accompany refugees to the host country and can provide medical support if necessary. Since most refugees do not have air travel experience, the escort helps them prepare for the trip and the trip itself, accompanies and monitors them throughout the journey and until they are handed over to the host country`s arrival postal service.

[17] Subsidiary protection is an international protection for asylum seekers who are not considered refugees. Asylum is possible for those who do not have a justified fear of persecution (which is required for refugee status under the 1951 Convention), but in fact they are at considerable risk of torture or serious harm if returned to their country of origin for reasons such as war. , violence, conflict and massive human rights violations. [10] The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and European Union law have a broader definition of those entitled to asylum.

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